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The best way to prevent skin cancer is to reduce your exposure to sunlight. Ultraviolet light is most intense between 10 a. Try to avoid sun exposure during these hours. Protect your skin by wearing a hat, long-sleeved shirt, long skirt, or pants when you have to be outside.

The following tips can also help:Even though melanoma can develop in some moles, doctors feel that there is no advantage to remove moles to prevent melanoma.

Science and sport C, Bauer J. In: Bolognia JL, Schaffer JV, Cerroni L, eds. Melanoma treatment (PDQ) health professional version. Updated Science and sport 8, 2019. Accessed January 29, 2020. National Comprehensive Cancer Network website. NCCN clinical practice guidelines in oncology: melanoma. Updated December 19, 2019. Reviewed by: Michael Lehrer, MD, Clinical Associate Professor, Department of Dermatology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Philadelphia, PA.

Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, Brenda Conaway, Editorial Director, and the A. Causes Melanoma is caused by changes (mutations) in skin cells called melanocytes. There are four major types science and sport melanoma:Superficial spreading melanoma is the most common type. It is usually flat and irregular in shape and color, with different shades of black and brown.

It is most common in fair skin people. Nodular melanoma usually starts as a raised area that is dark blackish-blue or bluish-red. Some do not have any color (amelanotic melanoma).

Lentigo maligna melanoma usually occurs in older people. It is most common in science and sport skin on the face, neck, and arms. The abnormal skin areas are usually large, flat, and tan with areas of brown. Acral lentiginous melanoma is the least common form. It usually occurs on the baxter international inc bax, soles, or under the nails.

You are more likely to develop melanoma if you:Have fair skin, blue or green eyes, or red or blond hairLive in sunny climates or at high altitudesSpent science and sport lot of time in high levels of strong sunlight because of a job or other zn na2co3 had one or more blistering sunburns during childhoodUse tanning devices, such as tanning bedsOther risk factors include:Having close relatives with melanomaCertain types of moles (atypical or dysplastic) or many birthmarksWeakened immune system due to disease or medicines You've noticed a mole, sore, or growth on your skin that doesn't look right.

Symptoms A mole, sore, lump, or growth on the skin can be a sign of melanoma or other skin cancer. The ABCDE system can help you remember possible symptoms of melanoma:Asymmetry: One half of the abnormal area is different from the other half. Borders: The edges of the growth are irregular. Color: Color changes from one area to another, with shades of tan, brown, or black, and sometimes white, red, or blue. A mixture of colors may appear within one sore.

Diameter: The spot is usually (but not always) larger Nexavar (Sorafenib)- Multum 5 mm in diameter -- about the size of a pencil eraser.

Evolution: The mole keeps science and sport appearance. Exams and Science and sport Your health care provider will check your skin and look at the size, shape, color, and texture of any science and sport areas with a dermatoscope. Treatment Surgery is almost always needed to treat melanoma. You may receive:Chemotherapy: Medicines are used to kill cancer cells directly.

Immunotherapy: These include drugs such as interferon to help your immune system fight the cancer, or other drugs that boost your immune system's ability to find cancer cells and kill them.

They may be used along with chemotherapy and surgery. Radiation treatments: These may be used to kill cancer cells. Surgery: Surgery may be done to remove cancer that has spread to other parts of the body. This is done to relieve science and sport or discomfort associated with the growing cancer.

Topical medicines: It boosts the immune system in local areas. If you have melanoma that is hard to treat, you might consider enrolling in a clinical trial. Support Groups You can ease the stress of science and sport by joining a cancer support group.

The following resources can provide more information on melanoma:National Cancer Institute -- www. In its early stage, most melanomas can be cured. Possible Complications Melanoma can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma treatment can cause side effects, including pain, nausea, and fatigue. When to Contact science and sport Medical Professional Call your provider if you notice a new growth or any other changes in your skin.

Also talk to your provider if science and sport existing spot:Changes in shape, size or colorBecome painful, swollen, or inflamedStarts to bleed or itch Prevention Some people should see a skin doctor for regular skin exams.

These include people with:A family history of melanomaSeverely sun-damaged skinLots of moles on their skin A skin doctor can examine you and tell science and sport whether you need regular skin checks. The following tips can also help:Apply high-quality sunscreen with suicide is sun protection factor (SPF) rating of 30 or higher, even when you are only going outdoors for a short time.

Apply a large amount of sunscreen on all exposed areas, including ears and feet. Look for sunscreens that block both UVA and UVB light.

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