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A duct that carries bile from the liver to the intestine. This term may refer to the hepatic, cystic pain management alternative common bile duct. Tumors which are non-cancerous. These generally grow slowly and do not invade adjacent organs or spread (metastasize) beyond the pancreas.

A radiographic technique used to visualize blood vessels. A contrast medium (a dye) is usually injected into the vessels to make them appear white on the x-rays. The large artery pain management alternative carries oxygen-rich blood from the heart. From the heart it arches backwards and descends into the abdomen where it gives off many branches to supply the organs.

The superior mesenteric artery is a major branch of the aorta that pain management alternative be involved by pancreatic cancer. The collection of excess amounts of fluid in the abdominal cavity (belly). It often pain management alternative a sign that the cancer has spread to either the liver or to the portal vein that goes to the liver, or that the cancer involves the internal lining of pain management alternative abdomen.

A surgical joining of two hollow structures. It is similar to attaching two ends of a garden hose. For example, a gastrojejunostomy is a surgical procedure that connects the stomach and the jejunum (small intestine.

This can lead to fatigue among other symptoms. A condition marked by a diminished apetite and aversion to food. Often results in physical signs of wasting. Chemotherapy given to patients after their cancers have been surgically removed.

It is a secondary treatment given to supplement surgical treatment. It pain management alternative where the bile duct and pancreatic ada scid join before draining into the duodenum pain management alternative intestine). Tumors in the head of the pancreas may squeeze this duct partially or completely closed.

This can lead to problems with digestion and jaundice. A benign (non-cancerous) tumor made up of cells that form glands pain management alternative of cells surrounding an empty space).

The form of cancer that most people are talking about when they refer to "cancer of the pancreas. Microscopically, adenocarcinomas form glands. These tumors can grow large enough to invade nerves which can cause back pain. They also frequently spread (metastasize) to the liver or lymph nodes. If this happens the tumor may be considered unresectable. Toggle navigation Choosing Johns Hopkins Our Pledge To Sugar Experience is Important Our Team Where Do I Start.

N (Regional Lymph Nodes) What it Means N0 No regional lymph node metastasis (cancer has not spread to the lymph nodes) N1 Metastasis (tumor spread) in one to three lymph nodes.

N2 Metastasis (tumor spread) in four or more regional lymph nodes. Liver - Metastases to the liver are a common finding especially with tumors in the tail and the body of the pancreas. Usually, if there is pain management alternative of liver "mets," surgery pain management alternative usually not an option. Recently, however, some surgeons do remove liver metastases ("oligometastatic disease") that have been stable or have shrunk after a year of treatment.

Lungs - Spread (metastases) to the lungs can occur in the setting of widespread disease, or in isolation. Several studies have found that some patients with isolated lung metastases live longer than do patients with isolated liver metastases.

Stage T (Tumor) N (Regional Lymph Nodes) M (Distant Metastases) Stage 0 Tis N0 M0 Stage IA T1 N0 M0 Stage IB T2 N0 M0 Stage IIA T3 N0 M0 Stage IIB Pain management alternative T2 T3 N1 N1 N1 M0 M0 M0 F a s III T1 T2 T3 T4 N2 N2 N2 any N M0 M0 M0 M0 Stage IV any T any N M1 Grade What it Means G1 Low-grade.

G2 Moderately differentiated G3 High-grade. Low-Grade Adenocarcinoma Well-differentiated adenocarcinomas form ducts ("tubes") that, like normal ducts, are lined by relatively uniform cells.

High-Grade Adenocarcinoma Poorly-differentiated adenocarcinomas do not form well-defined ducts ("tubes"), and the cells vary in size and shape. Normal Duct The normal cells in the pancreas form ducts pain management alternative that are lined by small uniform cells. Get your SDS binders, centers and more from Safety Emporium. Do not confuse this term with metathesis which is complete unrelated.

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Comments:

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