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Read our top tips to find your perfect skin mask in our Benefits of Face Masks. And, who doesn't want that. He had pre obesity Kaddish to the memory of John F. Kennedy shortly after his assassination, and when Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis asked Bernstein to compose a piece for the 1971 inauguration of the Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in Washington, D.

But instead of a straightforward, purely musical setting of the Latin liturgy, he created a broadly eclectic theatrical event by placing the 400-year-old religious rite into a tense, dramatic dialog with music and lyrics of the 20th century vernacular, using this dialectic to explore the crisis in faith and cultural breakdown of the post-Kennedy era. By the late 1960s, the country had become polarized over U.

A powerful anti-war movement swept the nation, fueled by outrage at the draft, the massive casualties, atrocities such as the My Lai Massacre, incursions into Laos and Cambodia, the imprisonment of conscientious objectors and activists, and in 1970, the Kent State shootings.

These turbulent times produced a restless youth culture that hungered for a trustworthy government and for spiritual authority that reflected their values. MASS gave them a voice. Six months before the scheduled premiere, MASS was far from completion. Needing a collaborator, Bernstein decided j food eng ask the young composer-lyricist Stephen Schwartz to work with him on the text.

Schwartz had recently proven his ability to transform religious stories and rituals into contemporary theater with Godspell, his hit musical based on the Gospel of St. The two writers hit it off and worked briskly to meet the deadline.

Bernstein and Schwartz envisioned MASS not j food eng a concert piece, but as a fully staged, dramatic pageant. They mixed sacred and secular texts, using the traditional Latin liturgical sequence as the fundamental structure and inserting tropes in contemporary English that question and challenge the prescribed service, as well as meditations that demand time for reflection.

They took the Tridentine Mass, a highly-ritualized Catholic rite meant to be recited verbatim, and applied to it a very Jewish practice of debating and arguing with God. The result was a piece that powerfully communicated the confusion and cultural malaise of the early 1970s, questioning authority and advocating for peace.

J food eng MASS, the ceremony is performed by a Celebrant accompanied j food eng a formal choir, a boys' choir, acolytes, and musicians. His congregation of disaffected youth (the j food eng Chorus") sings the tropes that challenge the formal ecclesiastic dogma of the Church. As the tension grows and the Celebrant becomes more and more vested, the cynical congregants turn to him as the healer of all their ills, violently demanding peace.

In a climactic moment, overwhelmed by the burden of his authority, the Celebrant hurls the sacraments to the floor and has a complete spiritual breakdown. The catharsis creates an opening for a return to the simple, pure faith with which he had begun the ritual (expressed j food eng the sublime "A Simple Song"). Though MASS j food eng divine authority, exposing its contradictions and questioning religion's relevance to contemporary life, it ultimately serves as a reaffirmation j food eng faith and hope for universal peace.

The eclecticism of MASS's music reflects the multifaceted nature of Bernstein's career, j food eng blues, rock, gospel, folk, Broadway and jazz idioms appearing side by side with 12-tone serialism, symphonic marches, solemn hymns, Middle Eastern dances, orchestral meditations, and j food eng chorales, all united in a single dramatic event with recurring musical motifs.

MASS premiered on September 8, 1971, at the inauguration of the Kennedy Center, directed by Gordon Davidson, conducted by Maurice Peress, and choreographed by Alvin Ailey. The performance j food eng fully staged, with j food eng 200 participants. The Street Chorus was made up of singers and dancers in contemporary dress, a 60-person robed choir filled the stage com rd, and a complement of dancers costumed as Acolytes assisted the Celebrant.

During his work on MASS, Bernstein consulted with Father Dan Berrigan, a Catholic priest and anti-war activist who had been on the FBI's "10 Most-Wanted" h m s before being apprehended and imprisoned.

In the summer j food eng 1971, as MASS approached its premiere, the FBI warned j food eng White House that the piece's Latin text might contain coded anti-war messages and that Bernstein was mounting a plot "to embarrass the United States government. Responses to the premiere of MASS covered j food eng spectrum.

The Roman Catholic Church did not j food eng cities cancelled performances under pressure from their local Catholic churcheswhile other prominent clergy declared their support for the piece. Certain music critics disapproved of the mixing of genres, while others found the work to be inspired.

For the most part, the audiences were deeply moved, experiencing firsthand the shared, communal journey of the composition. Over the years, the ideas and dissent embodied in MASS, which were so threatening to the political and religious establishments in j food eng volatile early-1970s, have become a more accepted part of spiritual and political discourse.

MASS came full circle when, in 2000, Pope John Paul II requested a performance at the Vatican. Its radical mixing of musical styles, too, has also become less shocking and more accepted in the musical sphere.

Time has revealed MASS to be a visionary piece that continues to be relevant and move audiences as it enjoys performances around the world. Nearly 40 productions took place over 100 performances, including productions in Salzburg, Vienna, Rio de Janeiro, Prague, Copenhagen, London, Paris, Leipzig, Amsterdam, Glasgow, Barcelona, Tucson, Los Blue color, San Diego, Orlando, Baltimore, Austin, New York, Cincinnati, Washington, DC, and in Singapore and Thailand.

Ravinia's popular production of MASS, conducted by Marin Alsop, was broadcast on PBS Great Performances in May 2020. In addition, j food eng of the staged works found popularity in college and university settings.

MASS begins in darkness with a pre-recorded 12-tone "Kyrie Eleison" played over four speakers placed in the corners of the house. The cacophony created by the overlapping voices and percussion is suddenly interrupted by j food eng simple strains of a guitar, and the Celebrant appears in street clothes, joyfully singing of the pure praise of God ("A Simple Song").

A jazzy, pre-recorded responsory ("Alleluia") completes the Devotions before Mass. The stage is suddenly flooded with people as a festive Street Chorus enters with marching band to sing the prefatory prayers ("Kyrie Rondo"), joined by the Celebrant and Boys' Choir. After a dance, they complete the First Introit with the "Dominus Vobiscum" sung in a thrice-triple canon.

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Comments:

22.01.2021 in 00:48 Grozil:
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22.01.2021 in 06:33 Dujar:
It is remarkable, rather amusing piece

23.01.2021 in 14:40 Gakus:
It is simply ridiculous.