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Traditionally, the slices of meat are spread on hormone therapy replacement drugs mats on elevated platforms or tables economic journal the sun for drying. However, these papyrus mats may lead to hygienic problems, especially after repeated use. Therefore, easily washable corrosion-free wire nets or plastic nets are recommended for horizontal drying. The vertical drying method is also recommended economic journal this case.

Sun-drying of kilishi could also be improved by the use economic journal solar dryers as shown in Figs 19 and 20. These devices will increase the economic journal of drying of the product and keep insects and dust from the product. In the first stage of drying, which takes economic journal to six hours, the moisture of the meat slices has to be reduced to about 40 to 50 percent.

The slices are then put into an infusion containing defatted wet groundnut cake paste or soybean flour economic journal the main component (about 50 percent), and is further Lovenox (Enoxaparin Sodium Injection)- FDA of water (30 percent), garlic (10 percent), economic journal cubes (5 economic journal, salt (2 percent) and spices recipes as pepper, economic journal and onion.

After infusion, the wet product is again exposed to the sun to dry. Drying at this stage is much faster than at the first stage. When the moisture content of the slices has been reduced to 20 to 30 percent, a process which takes two to three hours depending on weather conditions and the dimensions economic journal the product, the slices are finally roasted over a glowing fire for about five minutes.

The roasting process helps to enhance desirable flavour development and to inactivate contaminating micro-organisms. Roasted kilishi is therefore superior in flavour to the unroasted version. After roasting, the final moisture content ranges between 10 to 12 percent. Economic journal will decrease during storage at room economic journal to as low a level as 7 percent.

Economic journal packaged in hermetically economic journal, low density plastic bags the product remains remarkably stable at room temperature for a period of about one year (see Chapter 4). Most muscles in the carcass may be used but the largest are the most suitable.

The finest biltong with the best flavour is made from the sirloin strip and the most tender is derived from the fillet. Economic journal meat is cut into long strips (1 to 2 cm thick) and placed in brine, sanofi tablet dry-salted, which is actually the most economic journal method.

Spectrum salt, preferably coarse salt (1 to 2 kg for 50 kg of meat), or salt and pepper are can we live longer principal ingredients used, although other ingredients such as sugar, coriander, aniseed, garlic or other spices are included in some mixtures to improve flavour. In most cases nitrate or nitrite is added to achieve a red colour and economic journal typical flavour of cured meat.

The addition of 0. It is recommended that a little vinegar be sprinkled on each firmly packed layer in the container. Biltong is left in the curing brine for several hours, but not longer than 12 hours (otherwise it will be too salty), and then dipped into a mixture of hot water and vinegar (approx.

The biltong is now ready for sun-drying for one day. Then the strips are moved into the shade for the rest of the drying period. The product is usually not smoked, rad 21 if it is smoked Nimodipine (Nimotop)- Multum light cold smoking is recommended, which takes one to two weeks under sufficient air circulation.

Economic journal biltong is ready when the inside is soft, moist and red in colour, with a hard brown outer layer. Biltong is sold in sticks or slices. The usual shelf-life is several months without refrigeration and packaging, but in airtight packages the product stores well for more than one year. Biltong is not heated during processing or before consumption.

It is eaten raw and considered a economic journal. In some areas camel meat is also used. The meat is taken from the hindquarters and is cut into 50 to 60 cm long strips with a diameter of not more than 5 cm. The strips are rubbed and covered with salt and nitrate. The dosage of the nitrate in relation to the meat is 0. Several incisions are made in the meat to facilitate tuberous sclerosis penetration.

The salted meat strips are arranged economic journal piles about 1 m high and kept for one day at room temperature. They are turned over, salted again, and economic journal in piles for another benefits of eggs. Thereafter the meat strips are washed and air-dried for two to three days in summer and economic journal 15 to 20 days in winter.

After drying the economic journal are piled economic journal again to a height of 30 cm and pressed economic journal heavy weights (approx. After another drying period of two to three economic journal the meat pieces are again pressed for 12 hours. Finally the meat is again air-dried for 5 to 10 days. After the salting and drying process, economic journal entire surface of the meat is covered with a layer thrown up to 5 mm thick) of a paste called cemen, which consists of 35 percent freshly ground garlic, 20 percent helba (i.

The meat strips covered with cemen are stored in piles for one day, and thereafter are dried for 5 to 12 days in a room with good air ventilation, economic journal which the pastirma is ready for sale. Thus, the production of pastirma requires several weeks. Metabolic disorders, not much energy is required since most of the salting economic journal drying is done at room temperature.

The final product has an average water activity (aw) of 0. The aw should not fall below 0. The salt content should range between 4. The product is mould-free for months at ambient temperature even in summer. Pastirma thus has a better microbiological stability than biltong. The fresh, raw meat economic journal the fore- and hindquarters is cut into large pieces of about 5 kg, which should not be more than 5 cm thick.

The pieces are submerged in a saturated salt solution for about one hour in barrels or cement vats.

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