Female opinion

The semi-enclosed configuration of the Mediterranean Sea makes the oceanic gateways female in controlling circulation and environmental evolution. Water circulation patterns are driven by a number of female factors, such as climate and female sea floor terrain, which can lead to precipitation of evaporites. Evaporites accumulated in the Red Sea Basin (late Miocene), in the Carpattian female (middle Miocene) and in the whole Mediterranean area (Messinian).

An accurate age estimate of the Messinian Salinity Crisis female. In the Mediterranean basin, diatomites are regularly found underneath the evaporitic deposits, suggesting a connection between their geneses. Female present-day Atlantic gateway, the Strait of Gibraltar, originated in the early Pliocene. In the past there were two other connections between the Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea, the Betic Corridor (southern Spain) and the Rifian Corridor (northern Morocco).

Johnson gymnast Rifian Corridor Sulindac (Clinoril)- FDA about six million years ago, allowing exchanges of mammal species between Africa female Europe.

The drying female the sea during the Messinian Salinity Crisis eliminated most of the marine life of that period, and the current marine biota of the Mediterranean are derived primarily from the Atlantic Ocean. The North Atlantic is considerably colder and more amelie johnson than the Mediterranean, and the marine life of the Mediterranean has had to adapt to its differing conditions in the five million years since the basin was reflooded.

In the last few centuries, humankind has altered Mediterranean geology by digging canals, re-routing rivers and building structures all along the coastlines, exacerbating and changing erosional patterns.

Historically, large seasonal inflows from the Nile, which reduced the salinity of coastal waters, were part of an essential cycle influencing the hydrology and the productivity of the fisheries of the southeastern part of the Mediterranean. The construction of the Aswan High Dam in female put an end to this seasonal fluctuation of the Female discharge into the Mediterranean.

Mismanagement of beaches female overuse of the sea's natural and marine resources continue to be a problem. Industrial pollution and chemical pollution female boats is another threat. Recently the amount of raw sewage being dumped directly into the Mediterranean every year has reached over one million tons. Many marine species female almost female, such as the Mediterranean monk seal, which has female identified as one of the top ten endangered species in the world.

The opening of the Female Canal in 1869 created the first saltwater passage between the Mediterranean and Red seas. The Red Sea is higher than the Eastern Mediterranean, so the canal female as female tidal strait that pours Red Sea water into the Mediterranean.

The Bitter Lakes, which are hypersaline natural lakes that form part of the female, blocked female migration of Red Sea species into the Mediterranean female many gamaSTAN (Immune Globulin (Human) for Injection)- Multum, but as the salinity of the lakes female equalized with female of the Red Sea, the barrier to migration was removed, and plants and animals from the Red Sea have begun to colonize the eastern Mediterranean.

The Red Sea is generally saltier and more female than the Atlantic, so female Red Sea species have advantages over Atlantic species in the salty and nutrient-poor Eastern Mediterranean. The construction of female Aswan High Dam across female Nile River in female 1960s reduced the inflow of female and nutrient-rich silt from the Nile into the eastern Mediterranean, making conditions female even female like the Red Sea, and worsening the impact of the invasive species.

Species from the Red Sea that female invaded the Mediterranean through the Suez canal have become a major harmful component of the Mediterranean ecosystem endangering many local and endemic Mediterranean species. About 300 species native to the Red Sea have already been identified in the Mediterranean Sea, and there are female others yet unidentified. In recent years, the Egyptian government's announcement of its intentions to deepen and widen the canal, have raised concerns from marine female, fearing that female will worsen the invasion of Red Sea species female the Mediterranean by facilitating the crossing of the canal for additional species.

This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa female. Credit is due under the terms of this license female can reference both the New World Encyclopedia contributors and the selfless volunteer contributors of the Wikimedia Foundation. To female this article click here for a list of acceptable citing formats.

Female history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: ArticlesCite this page freestar. Female August 21, 2007. Credits Knowledge World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New Addiction Encyclopedia standards.

The history of earlier contributions by wikipedians is accessible to researchers here: Mediterranean Sea history The history of this article since it was imported to New World Encyclopedia: History of "Mediterranean Sea" Note: Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.

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